In cladistics, an organism or group, closely related to, but not included within, the group under analysis, and used for comparative purposes with respect to character polarity determination.
  See also sister group.

Expanded glossary of Cycad terms . 2014.

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  • Outgroup — may refer to: Outgroup (sociology), a social group Outgroup (cladistics), evolutionary history concept This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link l …   Wikipedia

  • Outgroup — Eine Fremdgruppe oder auch (engl. outgroup) stellt eine Soziale Gruppe dar, mit der ein ihr zugehöriges Individuum (Akteur) keine von einem „Wir Gefühl“ geprägten sozialen Beziehungen verbindet – im Gegensatz zur Eigengruppe. Eine Fremdgruppe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Outgroup — En psychologie sociale, dans les relations intergroupes, l outgroup ou exogroupe est l ensemble des individus n appartenant pas au groupe d individus dont on parle. Le contraire est l endogroupe. Portail de la psychologie Catégorie  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • outgroup — noun In cladistics, all the taxa included in a study that do not belong to the ingroup that is of immediate interest. A cladistic analysis of 45 ingroup and two outgroup taxa was performed on the basis of 134 characters. Ant: ingroup …   Wiktionary

  • Outgroup — Out|group 〈[aʊtgru:p] f. 10; Soziol.〉 soziale Gruppe, der man sich nicht zugehörig fühlt u. der man ablehnend gegenübersteht; Ggs Ingroup [<engl. out „außerhalb“ + group „Gruppe“] * * * Outgroup   [ aʊtgruːp, englisch] die, / s, Soziologie:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Outgroup — Out|group [...gru:p] die; , s <aus gleichbed. engl. outgroup> [soziale] Gruppe, der man sich nicht zugehörig fühlt u. von der man sich distanziert; Fremdgruppe, Außengruppe (Soziol.); Ggs. ↑Ingroup …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Outgroup homogeneity bias — According to the outgroup homogeneity bias, individuals see members of their own group as being relatively more varied than members of other groups.This bias was found to be unrelated to the number of group and non group members individuals knew …   Wikipedia

  • Outgroup (sociology) — In sociology, an outgroup is a social group towards which an individual feels contempt, opposition, or a desire to compete. Members of outgroups may be subject to outgroup homogeneity biases, and generally people tend to privilege ingroup members …   Wikipedia

  • Outgroup (cladistics) — In cladistics or phylogenetics, an outgroup is a (monophyletic) group of organisms that serves as a reference group for determination of the evolutionary relationship among three or more monophyletic groups of organisms. The chosen outgroup is… …   Wikipedia

  • outgroup — one or more species or other higher monophyletic taxa used to determine polarisation of character states, not including the taxa under study …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • Outgroup — Out|group 〈[aʊtgru:p] f.; Gen.: , Pl.: s〉 Gruppe, der man sich nicht zugehörig, nicht verbunden fühlt, von der man sich distanziert; Ggs.: Ingroup [Etym.: <engl. out »aus, außerhalb« + group »Gruppe«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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